DAMPAK PSIKOLOGIS PERAWAT DALAM MELAYANI PASIEN COVID-19 DI INSTALASI RAWAT INTENSIF PENYAKIT INFEKSI IMAGING (PIE) RS RIVAI ABDULLAH

Main Article Content

Inne Yelisni

Abstract

ABSTRAK


Latar Belakang: Perawat merupakan salah satu tenaga kesehatan paling depan (frontline) dalam melakukan perlawanan terhadap COVID-19. Beberapa rumah sakit melakukan pengurangan jumlah kunjungan pasien, tetapi tidak pada ruang gawat darurat dan ruang isolasi. Perawat yang bekerja di ruang tersebut memiliki risiko yang lebih besar untuk berinteraksi dengan pasien atau penderita yang dicurigai positif COVID-19. Banyaknya dampak yang dialami oleh seorang perawat yaitu, depresi, ansietas, Insomnia, dan tekanan psikologis yang dialami perawat yang merawat pasien covid. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui Dampak psikologis dalam melayani pasien Covid-19. Metode: Penelitian ini di lakukan di RS Rivai Abdullah Palembang dengan partisipan sebanyak 5 orang perawat ruangan. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan melihat fenomenologi dampak psikologis perawat yang merawat pasien dengan covid-19. Hasil: Didapatkan 3 tema yaitu, Terpaksa dan pasrah perasaan saat merawat pasien covid 19, Keputusasaan dan ketakutan sebagai pemberi dampak sebagai perawat covid 19, Pencapaian dengan menerima sebagai perawat covid 19. Kesimpulan: Hasil penelitian ini  perawat mampu menilai dirinya sendiri yang memiliki perasaan ketidakberdayaan, adanya konfilik batin, perasaan sepi yang melanda, ketidakstabilan emosi.


Kata Kunci: Dampak Psikologis, Perawat, Covid- 19

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Yelisni I. DAMPAK PSIKOLOGIS PERAWAT DALAM MELAYANI PASIEN COVID-19 DI INSTALASI RAWAT INTENSIF PENYAKIT INFEKSI IMAGING (PIE) RS RIVAI ABDULLAH. maskermedika [Internet]. 31Jul.2022 [cited 15Aug.2022];10(1):579-86. Available from: https://jmm.ikestmp.ac.id/index.php/maskermedika/article/view/473
Section
Articles

References

Tzeng, H-M., Yin, C-Y. ( 2006). Nurses/ fears
and professional obligations concerning possible human to human avian flu. Nursing Ethics, 13, 5.

Zhang X, Jiang Z, Yuan X, Wang Y, Huang D,
Hu R, et al. Nurses reports of actual work hoursand preferred work hours per shift among frontline nurses during coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) epidemic: A cross-sectional survey. Int J Nurs Stud. 2020;2019(xxxx).

WHO. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2:
implications for infection prevention precautions. 2020;(March):1–10Watson, 2012. Assessing And Measuring Caring In Nursing And Health Science 2nd Edition. NewYork : Springer Publishing Company Inc.

Chang, Y. K., Hung, C. L., Timme, S., Nosrat,
S., & Chu, C. H. (2020). Exercise behavior and mood during the COVID-19 pandemic in Taiwan: Lessons for the future. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(19), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197092.

Chen, C. H., Wang, J., Yang, C. S., & Fan, J.
Y. (2016). Nurse practitioner job content and stress effects on anxiety and depressive symptoms, and self-perceived health status. Journal of Nursing Management, 24(5), 695–704. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12375.

Chen, Q., Liang, M., Li, Y., Guo, J., Fei, D.,
Wang, L., He, L., Sheng, C., Cai, Y., Li, X., Wang, J., & Zhang, Z. (2020). Mental health care for medical staff in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(4),e15e16.https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30078-X.

Chong, Y. Y., Cheng, H. Y., Chan, H. Y. L.,
Chien, W. T., & Wong, S. Y. S. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic, infodemic and the role of eHealth literacy. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 108, 103644. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2020.103644.

Contel, J. C. (2018). Integrated care and the
challenge of chronic illness. Enfermería Clínica (English Edition), 28(1), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcle.2017.12.001.

Disease, C., & Report, S. (2020). Coronavirus
Disease Coronavirus Coronavirus Disease Disease Situation Report World Health World Health Organization Organization. 19.

Djalante, R., Lassa, J., Setiamarga, D.,
Sudjatma, A., Indrawan, M., Haryanto, B., Mahfud, C., Sabaruddin, M., Djalante, S., Ra, I., Adi, L., Ayu, G., Surtiari, K., &Warsilah, H. (2020). Progress in Disaster Science Review and analysis of current responses to COVID-19 in Indonesia : Period of January to March 2020 ☆. 6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pdisas.2020.100091

Duan, L., & Zhu, G. (2020). Psychological
interventions for people affected by the COVID-19 epidemic. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(4), 300–302. https://doi.org/10.1016/S22150366(20.

Fernandez, R., Lord, H., Halcomb, E.Moxham,
L., Middleton, R., Alananzeh, I., & Ellwood, L. (2020). Implications for COVID-19: A systematic review of nurses’ experiences of working in acute care hospital settings during a respiratory pandemic. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 111, 103637. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2020.103637.

Foli, K. J., Reddick, B., Zhang, L., & Krcelich,
K. (2020). Nurses’ psychological trauma: “They leave me lying awake at night.” Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 34(3), 86–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2020.04.011.

Gao, J., Zheng, P., Jia, Y., Chen, H., Mao, Y.,
Chen, S., Wang, Y., Fu, H., & Dai, J. (2020). Mental health problems and social media exposure during COVID-19 outbreak. PLoS ONE, 15(4), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231924.

Gutenbrunner, C.(2020). COVID-19 Pandemic
in Indonesia : Situation and Challenges of Rehabilitation COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia : Situation and Challenges of Rehabilitation Medicine in Indonesia. October.

Johnson, J., Louch, G., Dunning, A., Johnson,
O., Grange, A., Reynolds, C., Hall, L., & O’Hara, J. (2017). Burnout mediates the association between depression and patient safety perceptions: a cross-sectional study in hospital nurses. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 73(7), 1667–1680. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13251.

Khalid, I., Khalid, T. J.Qabajah,M. R.,Barnard,
A. G., & Qushmaq, I. A. (2016). Healthcare workers emotions, perceived stressors and coping strategies during a MERS-CoV outbreak. Clinical Medicine and Research, 14(1), 7–14. https://doi.org/10.3121/cmr.2016.130.

Kim, Y. (2018). Nurses’ experiences of care
for patients with Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus in South Korea. American Journal of Infection Control, 46(7), 781–787. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.01.012.

Liu, Q., Luo, D., Haase, J. E., Guo, Q., Wang,
X. Q., Liu, S., Xia, L., Liu, Z., Yang, J., & Yang, B. X. (2020). The experiences of health-care providers during the COVID-19 crisis in China: a qualitative study. The Lancet Global Health, 8(6), e790–e798. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30204-7.

Mesa Vieira, C.,Franco,O.H., GómezRestrepo,
C., & Abel, T. (2020). COVID-19: The forgotten priorities of the pandemic. Maturitas, 136(April), 38–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2020.04.004.

Munawar, K., & Choudhry, F. R. (2020).
Exploring stress coping strategies of frontline emergency health workers dealing Covid-19 in Pakistan: A qualitative inquiry. American Journal of Infection Control. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2020.06.214.

Olson, K., Young, R. A., & Schultz, I. Z.
(2016). Handbooks in Health, Work, and Disability Handbook of Qualitative Health Research for Evidence-Based Practice.

Otu, A., Charles, C. H., & Yaya, S. (2020).
Mental health and psychosocial well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic: The invisible elephant in the room. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 14(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-020-00371-w.

Patton, M. Q. (2002). Nontraditional
Regulations, and Innovations in Darning-Centered, Doctoral Education, Including Faculty Meetings That Are Interesting and Important, an Indication of Knovation of the Highest Order. In Qualitative Inquiry. http://books.google.com/books/about/Qualitative_research_and_evaluation_meth.html?id=FjBw2oi8El4C.

Sargeant, J. (2012). Qualitative Research Part
II: Participants, Analysis, and Quality Assurance. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 4(1), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.4300/jgme-d-11-00307.1.

Setiati, S., & Azwar, M. K. (2020). COVID-19
and Indonesia. April.

Sevillano-Jiménez, A., Romero-Saldaña, M.,
& Molina-Recio, G. (2018). Nursing role on rapid recovery programmes fast-track. Enfermería Clínica (English Edition), 28(4), 266–273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcle.2017.04.009.

Shakil, M. H., Munim, Z. H., Tasnia, M., &
Sarowar, S. (2020). COVID-19 and the environment: A critical review and research agenda. Science of the Total Environment, 745, 141022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.141022.

Shang, L., Supply, A., Plateform, C., & Group,
A. (2019). I Nventory M Anagement With C Onsideration of. 14(1), 3–5.

Singh, C., Cross, W., Munro, I., & Jackson, D.
(2020). Occupational stress facing nurse academics—A mixed-methods systematic review. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 29(5–6), 720–735. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15150.

Sun, N., Wei, L., Shi, S., Jiao, D., Song, R.,
Ma, L., Wang, H., Wang, C., Wang, Z., You, Y., Liu, S., & Wang, H. (2020). A qualitative study on the psychological experience of caregivers of COVID-19 patients. American Journal of Infection Control, 48(6), 592–598. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2020.03.018.

Wang, C., Horby, P. W., Hayden, F. G., &
Gao, G. F. (2020). A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. The Lancet, 395(10223), 470–473. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30185-9.

Wu, C. C., Lin, C. C., Chang, S. C., & Chou,
H. L. (2019). Identifying the positive energy for retention in clinical nurses: A focus group study. Journal of Nursing Management, 27(6), 1200–1207. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12792.

Xie, J., Tong, Z., Guan, X., Du, B., Qiu, H.,
Slutsky, A. S. (2020). Critical care crisis and some recommendations during the COVID-19 epidemic in China. Intensive Care Medicine, 46(5), 837–840. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-020-05979-7.

Zhang, Y., Wei, L., Li, H., Pan, Y., Wang, J.,
Li, Q., Wu, Q., & Wei, H. (2020). The Psychological Change Process of Frontline Nurses Caring for Patients with COVID-19 during Its Outbreak. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 0(0), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1080/01612840.2020.1752865